About Labrador Retrievers
The Labrador Retriever originated on the island of Newfoundland, off the
north-eastern Atlantic coast of Canada. Originally called the St. John’s
dog. After the capital city of Newfoundland. He was bred to help the
local fisherman - hauling nets, fetching ropes and retrieving fish from
the chilly North Atlantic – as well as to be a family dog.
Labs are built for sport, muscular and athletic. He has a short
easy-care coat, friendly demeanor, keen intelligence, and plenty of
energy. Devotion to this breed runs deep.
Labs are loving, people-oriented dogs who live to serve their families
and owners. Today, most Labs skip the hard labor and spend their days
being pampered and loved by their people. However, some Labs still serve
as indispensable working dogs.
Labrador’s sweet nature makes them excellent therapy dogs, visiting
homes for the elderly and hospitals. His intelligence makes him an ideal
assistance dog for the handicapped.
He also excels as a search and rescue dog or as a retriever for hunters,
thanks to his athletic build, strong nose and courageous nature. Labs
have also become the breed to beat at sports such as agility and
obedience competitions – especially obedience.
Labradors have proven their usefulness and versatility throughout the
breed’s history, easily shifting from fisherman’s companion, to field
retriever, to show dog, to modern working dog. One role has remained
constant, wonderful companion and friend.
OFFICIAL BREED STANDARD OF THE KENNEL UNION OF SOUTHERN AFRICA
Strongly built, short-coupled, very active; broad in skull; broad and
deep through chest and ribs; broad and strong over loins and
Good tempered, very agile (which precluded excessive body weight or
excessive substance). Excellent nose, soft mouth; keen love of water.
Adaptable, devoted companion.
Intelligent, keen and biddable, with a strong will to please. Kindly
nature, with no trace of aggression or undue shyness.
HEAD & SKULL
Skull broad with defined stop; clean-cut without fleshy cheeks. Jaws of
medium length, powerful not snipy. Nose wide, nostrils well developed.
Medium size, expressing intelligence and good temper; brown or hazel.
Not large or heavy, hanging close to head and set rather far back.
Jaws and teeth strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite,
i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the
Clean, strong, powerful, set into well placed shoulders.
Shoulders long and sloping. Forelegs well boned and straight from elbow
to ground when viewed from either front or side.
Chest of good width and depth, with well sprung barrel ribs – this
effect not to be produced by carrying excessive weight, Level topline.
Loins wide, short-coupled and strong.
Well developed, not sloping to tail; well turned stifle. Hocks well let
down, cowhocks highly undesirable.
Round, compact; well arched toes and well developed pads.
Distinctive feature, very thick towards base, gradually tapering towards
tip, medium length, FREE from feathering, but clothed thickly all round
with short, thick, dense coat, thus giving ‘rounded’ appearance
described as ‘Otter’ tail. May be carried gaily but should not curl over
GAIT / MOVEMENT
Free, covering adequate ground; straight and true in front and rear.
Distinctive feature, short dense without wave or feathering; giving
fairly hard feel to the touch; weather-resistant undercoat.
Wholly black, yellow or liver/chocolate. Yellow range from light cream
to red fox. Small, white spot on chest permissible.
Ideal height at withers: Dogs : 56 - 57 cms (22 - 22˝ ins); Bitches : 55
- 56 cms (21˝ - 22 ins).
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in
exact proportion to its degree and its effect on the health & welfare of
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.